We propose an experiment to observe the quantum Zeno effect in atomic Bragg scattering. The quantum Zeno effect is the inhibition of the free evolution of a system when that system is subject to a decohering measurement process. This effect is usually studied theoretically in an idealized two-level system, though this system has been difficult to realize in practice. The coherent population exchange between the forward and Bragg beams provides an ideal two-level system, though as there is no practical scheme for continuously monitoring the motion of an atom we include decoherence by adding noise to the laser. Using the method of stochastic Hamiltonians we show that the noise suppresses tunneling in the two-state system and, in the large noise limit, the system can freeze in its initial state.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1997|