Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients

A CHENG, Glenda Harrington, P Russo, L Liolios, D Spelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To evaluate an isolation policy for patients colonised with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), we instituted active surveillance for transmission to uncolonised patients. Surveillance rectal swabs were taken and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed on positive isolates. VRE transmission with an identical genotype occurred in 5 patients, giving a transmission rate of 3.7 per 1000 patient days, or 1 patient per ward each week. The present study provides a baseline for assessment of VRE transmission and will be useful in evaluation of the effectiveness of infection control interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-512
Number of pages3
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Volume34
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Patient Isolation
Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis
Infection Control
Genotype
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci

Cite this

CHENG, A., Harrington, G., Russo, P., Liolios, L., & Spelman, D. (2004). Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients. Internal Medicine Journal, 34(8), 510-512.
CHENG, A ; Harrington, Glenda ; Russo, P ; Liolios, L ; Spelman, D. / Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients. In: Internal Medicine Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 34, No. 8. pp. 510-512.
@article{aecc6c3b909046b08354b365aeecd3a8,
title = "Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients",
abstract = "To evaluate an isolation policy for patients colonised with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), we instituted active surveillance for transmission to uncolonised patients. Surveillance rectal swabs were taken and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed on positive isolates. VRE transmission with an identical genotype occurred in 5 patients, giving a transmission rate of 3.7 per 1000 patient days, or 1 patient per ward each week. The present study provides a baseline for assessment of VRE transmission and will be useful in evaluation of the effectiveness of infection control interventions.",
keywords = "antibiotic resistance, article, bacterial transmission, controlled study, cross infection, disease transmission, Enterococcus, health care policy, health survey, hospital infection, human, infection control, infection rate, priority journal, pulsed field gel electrophoresis, ward, Cross Infection, Disease Transmission, Horizontal, Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections, Hospitals, University, Humans, Incidence, Infection Control, Population Surveillance, Program Evaluation, Vancomycin Resistance",
author = "A CHENG and Glenda Harrington and P Russo and L Liolios and D Spelman",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "510--512",
journal = "Internal Medicine Journal",
issn = "1444-0903",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

CHENG, A, Harrington, G, Russo, P, Liolios, L & Spelman, D 2004, 'Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients', Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 510-512.

Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients. / CHENG, A; Harrington, Glenda; Russo, P; Liolios, L; Spelman, D.

In: Internal Medicine Journal, Vol. 34, No. 8, 2004, p. 510-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients

AU - CHENG, A

AU - Harrington, Glenda

AU - Russo, P

AU - Liolios, L

AU - Spelman, D

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - To evaluate an isolation policy for patients colonised with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), we instituted active surveillance for transmission to uncolonised patients. Surveillance rectal swabs were taken and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed on positive isolates. VRE transmission with an identical genotype occurred in 5 patients, giving a transmission rate of 3.7 per 1000 patient days, or 1 patient per ward each week. The present study provides a baseline for assessment of VRE transmission and will be useful in evaluation of the effectiveness of infection control interventions.

AB - To evaluate an isolation policy for patients colonised with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), we instituted active surveillance for transmission to uncolonised patients. Surveillance rectal swabs were taken and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed on positive isolates. VRE transmission with an identical genotype occurred in 5 patients, giving a transmission rate of 3.7 per 1000 patient days, or 1 patient per ward each week. The present study provides a baseline for assessment of VRE transmission and will be useful in evaluation of the effectiveness of infection control interventions.

KW - antibiotic resistance

KW - article

KW - bacterial transmission

KW - controlled study

KW - cross infection

KW - disease transmission

KW - Enterococcus

KW - health care policy

KW - health survey

KW - hospital infection

KW - human

KW - infection control

KW - infection rate

KW - priority journal

KW - pulsed field gel electrophoresis

KW - ward

KW - Cross Infection

KW - Disease Transmission, Horizontal

KW - Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

KW - Hospitals, University

KW - Humans

KW - Incidence

KW - Infection Control

KW - Population Surveillance

KW - Program Evaluation

KW - Vancomycin Resistance

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 510

EP - 512

JO - Internal Medicine Journal

JF - Internal Medicine Journal

SN - 1444-0903

IS - 8

ER -

CHENG A, Harrington G, Russo P, Liolios L, Spelman D. Rate of nosocomial transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from isolated patients. Internal Medicine Journal. 2004;34(8):510-512.