Re-thinking out-of-school learning in rural Pakistan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Paper published in Proceedingspeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Continued innovation in networked digital technologies brings both opportunities and challenges to educators, educational system designers, and policy makers. This situation is exacerbated in developing countries where there is marked disparity of educational opportunities and achievements compared with developed countries. With a global population having one out of five children out-of-school, UNESCO's agenda of quality 'Education for All' demands attention to a deteriorating situation. Advancements in learning technologies continue to be seen as key to solving the disparities with increasing diversity in the design, development and implementation of educational technology initiatives. This paper proposes a framework for underprivileged communities in Pakistan who do not have access to good schools, teachers and libraries. Contextualizing adaptable learning support, scalability of initiatives, and development of sustainable policies, however, is a continuous challenge. In reviewing relevant 'stand out' initiatives during the last two decades and socio-technological impacts on the communities they served, we discuss a range of issues and stakeholder perspectives framed by challenges arising from technological, pedagogical and localized perspectives. Principles are identified that might assist contextualized learning support models for remote and underprivileged communities, and a way forward is proposed in terms of a sustainable, scalable and adaptable teaching and learning model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 26th International Conference on Computers in Education
EditorsMa. Mercedes T. Rodrigo, Jie-Chi Yang, Lung-Hsiang Wong, Maiga Chang
Place of PublicationTaiwan
PublisherAsia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9789869401289
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2018
Event26th International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2018 - Metro Manila, Philippines
Duration: 26 Nov 201830 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameICCE 2018 - 26th International Conference on Computers in Education, Proceedings


Conference26th International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2018
CityMetro Manila


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