Renewing the Yolnu 'Bothways' philosophy: Warramiri transculturation education at Gäwa

Ben Van Gelderen, Kathy Guthadjaka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    'Bothways' was an expression first utilised by Yolnu educators in the late 1980s to convey the profound intercultural epistemological foundations of Yolnu society that should also apply to modern Balanda (white) schooling systems. Despite the pressures from national, standardised curriculum and assessment regimes, 'Bothways' has not been abandoned by remote Yolnu communities in the 21st century. In this paper we briefly revisit the first iterations of the 'Bothways' philosophy to demonstrate its symmetry with the Yolnu transculturation heritage (of the Warramiri in particular), developed through many centuries of contact with sea-faring visitors. Lastly, we present data from community research at Gäwa, a Warramiri homeland on Elcho Island, which demonstrates that through a series of 'multiple balances', negotiation around issues of bilingual pedagogy, cultural knowledge transmission, parental engagement and student-teacher dynamic continues to renew the 'Bothways' approach.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)147-157
    Number of pages11
    JournalAustralian Journal of Indigenous Education
    Issue number1
    Early online date2 Apr 2019
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


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