Reversible Solid-State Phase Transitions between Au-P Complexes Accompanied by Switchable Fluorescence

Meng Sha Jiang, Yan Hui Tao, Yu Wei Wang, Chengrong Lu, David James Young, Jian Ping Lang, Zhi Gang Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Six complexes {(3-bdppmapy)(AuCl)2}n (1-6; 3-bdppmapy = N,N'-bis(diphenylphosphanylmethyl)-3-aminopyridine and tht = tetrahydrothiophene) were simultaneously formed by the reaction of Au(tht)Cl and 3-bdppmapy in CH2Cl2 followed by infusion with hexane. Complexes 4-6 could be produced independently by volatilizing solvent in air, solid-state heating, or solvothermal reaction. The PPh2-Au-Cl moieties extended in different directions, forming Au-Au and Au-Au-Au interactions. Complex 4 could be converted to 5 by heating to 130 °C, with the cleavage of one Au-Au bond, while 5 reverted back to 4 upon exposure to CH2Cl2 vapor over 11 h. This solid-state phase transition could be recycled and was accompanied by a change in solid-state fluorescence, without obvious intensity decay over five cycles. The reason for both the phase transition and difference in photoluminescence is related to the different numbers and strengths of aurophilic interactions in each complex that could be modeled by density functional theory calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3072-3078
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2020


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