Issue addressed: The B.strong Program was an Indigenous health worker brief intervention (BI) training program delivered in Queensland from 2017-2020. This study examines the organisational factors of participating Indigenous primary health care (PHC) services that impacted on B.strong's uptake and implementation in those services.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted from 2019-2020 with 20 B.strong Program trainees and four health service managers from eight purposively sampled Queensland PHC services, and one Queensland Department of Health manager, to examine their perceptions of uptake and implementation of the B.strong Program. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research was used as a framework for the evaluation. Data analysis was conducted using NVivo 11.
Results: Although strong PHC service support was evident for the uptake of face-to-face workshop training, it was not available to support trainees to complete online modules or for ongoing BI delivery to clients. Key organisational factors associated with both program uptake and implementation of BIs in PHC services were leadership engagement and implementation climate. Within these themes, embedding B.strong into operational practices of health services, having policies, processes and consistent administrative support to facilitate implementation, and addressing gaps in knowledge and skills of health workers were identified as needing to be improved. The study identified the lack of application of continuous quality improvement (CQI) processes to BIs at these health services as a barrier to effective implementation.
Conclusions: The study supports the establishment of BI specific CQI initiatives in health services and supports better engagement with organisational leadership in BI training to ensure their ongoing support of both the training and implementation of BI.