Roles of Non-Government Organizations in Disaster Risk Reduction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The collaborative disaster risk governance framework promises better collaboration between governments, the private sector, civil society, academia, and communities at risks. In the context of modern disaster risk reduction systems, the key triadic institutions, namely government (state), the private sector (business/market), and NGOs (civil society), have been gradually transforming their ecosystem to utilize more proactive disaster response strategies, equipped with professional staff and technical experts and armed with social and humanitarian imperatives to reduce the risks of disasters. While the roles of governments and public actions have received greater attention in disaster and emergency management studies, recent shifts in attention to promote bolder engagements of both non-governmental organizations and business communities in risk reduction can be seen as a necessary condition for the future resilience of society.

Historically speaking, NGOs have exercised models of moral imperative whereby they build their relevancy and legitimacy to address gaps and problems at global and local levels. NGOs have been part of the global disaster risk reduction (DRR) ecosystem as they continue to shape both humanitarian emergencies action and the DRR agenda at different levels where their presence is needed and valued and their contribution is uniquely recognized. This article exemplifies the roles of NGOs at different levels and arenas ranging from local to international disaster risk reduction during the last 70 years, especially since World War II. It also provides examples of potential roles of NGOs under the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2030.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science
PublisherOxford University Press, USA
Pages1-23
Number of pages23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

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disaster
nongovernmental organization
civil society
private sector
risk reduction
ecosystem
market

Cite this

Lassa, J. (2018). Roles of Non-Government Organizations in Disaster Risk Reduction. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science (pp. 1-23). Oxford University Press, USA. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199389407.013.45
Lassa, Jonatan. / Roles of Non-Government Organizations in Disaster Risk Reduction. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Oxford University Press, USA, 2018. pp. 1-23
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Lassa, J 2018, Roles of Non-Government Organizations in Disaster Risk Reduction. in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Oxford University Press, USA, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199389407.013.45

Roles of Non-Government Organizations in Disaster Risk Reduction. / Lassa, Jonatan.

Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Oxford University Press, USA, 2018. p. 1-23.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

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