Scabies Outbreak Investigation among “Yekolo Temaris” in Gondar Town, North Western Ethiopia, November 2015

Zeyneba Jemal Yassin, Abel Fekadu Dadi, Habtamu Yimer Nega, Behailu Tariku Derseh, Wondesen Asegidew

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    Abstract

    Introduction: Scabies is an ecto-parasitic,
    highly contagious skin disease caused by infestation
    of the skin by the human itch mite, Sarcoptes scabiei
    var. hominis. Dermatologists estimate that more
    than 300 million cases of scabies occur worldwide
    every year. In Ethiopia, according to national survey
    conducted in 2008, there are 6.2% of schoolchildren
    and 5.6% of orphan school children affected with
    scabies. On November 10, 2015 scabies outbreak
    were reported to Gondar town health office from St.
    Lideta Lemaryam church. Therefore, the purpose
    of this study was to investigate scabies outbreak,
    identify factors associated with scabies transmission
    and to take public health action among affected
    group of people.
    Materials and method: Unmatched case control
    study with case control ratio of 1:2 was conducted
    from November 13 to 20, 2015 in St. Lideta church
    in Gondar town. Data was collected by face to face
    interview of cases and controls through structured
    questionnaires. Data analysis was done using EpiInfo and SPSS 20. Odds ratio with its confidence
    interval was used as measure of association and to
    assure statistically significance.
    Results: 96 respondents were included; 32 cases
    and 64 controls. The analysis of the study shown that
    people who share close from ill person were 2.76
    (95% CI=1.04-7.41) times more likely to develop
    scabies; and individuals who had close contact with
    ill person were 5.37 (95% CI=1.84-17.6) times more
    likely to develop disease scabies, also individuals
    who had travelling history to scabies epidemic area
    were 4.7 (95% CI=1.64-14) times more likely develop
    the disease. Besides, individuals who wash their
    body in more than a week interval were 3.22 (95%
    CI=1.22-8.5) times more likely develop scabies.

    Conclusion: In this study, scabies was a public
    health problem among “Yekolo Temari” in St. Lideta
    Lemaryam church of Gondar town. Sharing cloths,
    student to student contact, travelling history to
    scabies epidemic area and poor personal hygiene
    was risk factors identified during investigation of the
    outbreak.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)203-209
    Number of pages7
    JournalElectronic Journal of Biology
    Volume13
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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