The aim of this study was to document the amount of recent change in Australian nurse academics' scholarly productivity and to investigate the influence of demographic factors such as gender, academic rank, qualifications, increase in qualifications, state of residence, university and university size. Scholarly productivity was calculated from an audit of journal articles. The findings of this study indicate that, while there has been a slight increase in scholarly productivity in the last five years, nursing still lags behind other disciplines. Scholarly productivity was found to be positively associated with highest academic qualification, academic rank and promotion. The study indicates the continuing need for senior nurse academics to provide mentoring to colleagues and foster the development of skills associated with scholarly productivity.