Short-term DAPT after coronary stenting has similar ischemic and bleeding outcomes as long-term DAPT: A 5-year population-based cohort study

Sriraag Balaji Srinivasan, Amro Sehly, Biyanka Jaltotage, Simon Qin, Abdul Rahman Ihdayhid, James Marangou, James M. Rankin, Frank M. Sanfilippo, Girish Dwivedi

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Abstract

Background: Optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. 

Aim: We investigated the relationship between DAPT duration following PCI and long-term ischemic and bleeding outcomes under real-world conditions. 

Methods: Patients aged ≥ 65 years who underwent PCI with stenting in Western Australian hospitals between 2003 and 2008 and survived 2 years were identified from linked hospital admissions data. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) defined as a composite of all-cause death and admissions for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), coronary artery revascularization procedure, stroke, and major bleeding. Secondary outcomes were ACS admissions, all-cause death, and major bleeding admissions. Patients were followed up for 5 years from initial PCI. 

Results: A total of 3963 patients were included in the final analysis. The mean age of the cohort was 74.5 ± 6.1 years with 67.3% males. No significant difference was seen with 6–12, 12–18, or 18–24 months DAPT, compared to 0–6 months DAPT duration for MACCE and all secondary outcomes at 3- and 5-year post-PCI. 

Conclusion: There is no significant difference in both bleeding and ischemic outcomes in long-term DAPT as compared to short-term DAPT for first- and second-generation drug-eluting stents in a real-world population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalIrish Journal of Medical Science
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022

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