Size trends and population characteristics of striped marlin, Tetrapturus audax caught in the New Zealand recreational fishery

R. K. Kopf, P. S. Davie, J. C. Holdsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Size trends and population characteristics of striped marlin, Tetrapturus audax, caught in the New Zealand recreational fishery were evaluated using club records from the Bay of Islands Sword-fish Club (BOISC) from 1925 to 2003 (n = 15 114) and biological samples from northern New Zealand collected from 1985 to 1994 (n = 684). Average weight (kg) ± SE of striped marlin declined 6–9 kg every 20 years between 1925 (124.2 ± 1.0 kg) and 2003 (100.1 kg ± 0.4). Weight (H14843 = 444.58, P < 0.001) and condition (H443 = 37.54, P < 0.001) increased significantly throughout the recreational fishing season (December-May). No differences were observed in the lower jaw-fork length (LJFL)-weight (W) relationship between sexes or years but average weight of females (106.2 ±1.1 kg) was significantly greater than males (90.2 ±1.2 kg) from 1985 to 1994 (F684 = 88.37, P < 0.001). Negative allometric growth (W = 2E -08 LJFL2.88) was recorded for all striped marlin. Individual growth was modelled by fitting backcalculated LJFL to eight age classes derived from dorsal spine measurements (n = 94) using the von Bertalanffy growth equation (r2 = 0.96). The parameters estimated in the von Bertalanffy growth equation were asymptotic length (L) = 3010 mm, annual growth rate (K) = 0.22, age (yr) at hypothetical length 0 (t0) = -0.04.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1156
Number of pages12
JournalNew Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

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