Social Inclusion and Cultural Competence: Moving towards Cultural Safety in Research and Practice

Tinashe Dune, Robyn Williams, Kim McLeod, Rocco Cavaleri, Alex Workman

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    This chapter discusses the movement away from “cultural competence” toward the negotiation of “culturally safe” practices and environments for engaging diverse communities. Firstly, the concept of cultural competency is introduced, and the strengths and limitations of this model discussed. Cultural safety is then presented as a model that extends beyond the acquisition of practitioner skills and knowledge, requiring a broader examination of power differentials inherent in research and practice, as well as concerted efforts to address such issues. Readers are provided with examples of how cultural safety can be operationalized to promote social inclusion. The chapter highlights the roles of a variety of collaborators required to ensure culturally safe approaches that engage individuals, communities, and systems. The chapter draws on upon intersectionality theory to facilitate consideration of the multiple and overlapping ways in which culturally safe approaches to research and practice can improve social inclusion and population health outcomes. The chapter concludes with a summary of the key elements of cultural safety and a guide to their implementation in research and practice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Social Inclusion
    Subtitle of host publicationResearch and Practices in Health and Social Sciences
    EditorsPranee Liamputtong
    Place of PublicationSwitzerland
    PublisherSpringer, Cham
    Number of pages23
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-48277-0
    Publication statusPublished - May 2021


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