Spatial, temporal, and thermal analysis of a cavitating high-pressure water-jet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A cavitating high-pressure water-jet (as used for testing the erosion resistance of pipelines) was examined using high-speed photography, thermography, and image analysis to describe the relationships between spatial and temporal fluctuations observed in the flow and the temperature fields at pressures reaching 69 MPa. Frictional heating of the jet, as it left the nozzle, increased as the pressure increased. The increase from 13.8 MPa to 69.0 MPa was 2.9 K (70.7%) on the minimum, and 2.6 K (29.9%) on the maximum, temperatures measured. Good correlation was seen between the upper and lower jet-edge frequencies which ranged from 4.5 Hz to 6.8 Hz. Correlation coefficients were 0.85 and 0.97 respectively. The jet’s lower edge was influenced by temperature at lower x/dn values (x/dn ≤ 2), with correlation coefficients at x/dn = 1 and 2 of 0.80 and 0.87, respectively. This experimental characterisation of a high-pressure water-jet is offered as a baseline case suitable for benchmarking against any of the packages (or models developed on an ad hoc basis) used for the numerical analysis and simulation of multiphase fluid flows.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Thermoanalysis
Water
High speed photography
Multiphase flow
Benchmarking
Image analysis
Numerical analysis
Erosion
Nozzles
Temperature distribution
Pipelines
Heating
Temperature
Computer simulation
Testing

Cite this

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title = "Spatial, temporal, and thermal analysis of a cavitating high-pressure water-jet",
abstract = "A cavitating high-pressure water-jet (as used for testing the erosion resistance of pipelines) was examined using high-speed photography, thermography, and image analysis to describe the relationships between spatial and temporal fluctuations observed in the flow and the temperature fields at pressures reaching 69 MPa. Frictional heating of the jet, as it left the nozzle, increased as the pressure increased. The increase from 13.8 MPa to 69.0 MPa was 2.9 K (70.7{\%}) on the minimum, and 2.6 K (29.9{\%}) on the maximum, temperatures measured. Good correlation was seen between the upper and lower jet-edge frequencies which ranged from 4.5 Hz to 6.8 Hz. Correlation coefficients were 0.85 and 0.97 respectively. The jet’s lower edge was influenced by temperature at lower x/dn values (x/dn ≤ 2), with correlation coefficients at x/dn = 1 and 2 of 0.80 and 0.87, respectively. This experimental characterisation of a high-pressure water-jet is offered as a baseline case suitable for benchmarking against any of the packages (or models developed on an ad hoc basis) used for the numerical analysis and simulation of multiphase fluid flows.",
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Spatial, temporal, and thermal analysis of a cavitating high-pressure water-jet. / Fairfield, Charlie.

In: Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences , Vol. 18, No. 1, 2016, p. 1-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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