Stress in mangrove forests: Early detection and preemptive rehabilitation are essential for future successful worldwide mangrove forest management

Roy R. Lewis, Eric C. Milbrandt, Benjamin Brown, Ken W. Krauss, André S. Rovai, James W. Beever, Laura L. Flynn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Mangrove forest rehabilitation should begin much sooner than at the point of catastrophic loss. We describe the need for “mangrove forest heart attack prevention”, and how that might be accomplished in a general sense by embedding plot and remote sensing monitoring within coastal management plans. The major cause of mangrove stress at many sites globally is often linked to reduced tidal flows and exchanges. Blocked water flows can reduce flushing not only from the seaward side, but also result in higher salinity and reduced sediments when flows are blocked landward. Long-term degradation of function leads to acute mortality prompted by acute events, but created by a systematic propensity for long-term neglect of mangroves. Often, mangroves are lost within a few years; however, vulnerability is re-set decades earlier when seemingly innocuous hydrological modifications are made (e.g., road construction, blocked tidal channels), but which remain undetected without reasonable large-scale monitoring.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)764-771
    Number of pages8
    JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
    Volume109
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2016

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stress in mangrove forests: Early detection and preemptive rehabilitation are essential for future successful worldwide mangrove forest management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this