Synergistic combination of electronic and electrical properties of SnO2 and TiO2 in a single SnO2-TiO2 composite nanofiber for dye-sensitized solar cells

Zinab H Bakr, Qamar Wali, Jamil Ismail, Naveen Kumar Elumalai, Ashraf Uddin, Rajan Jose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tin dioxide (SnO2) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) are popular metal oxide semiconductors; they are explored for many applications because of their unique properties. This paper details that electronic and electrical properties of SnO2 and TiO2 can be synergistically combined in an one-dimensional nanostructure, such as electrospun nanofibers. The resulting composite nanofibers (CNFs) showed beneficial properties when used as a photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In particular, the CNFs showed higher conduction band energy than SnO2 and higher electrical conductivity than TiO2. The SnO2-TiO2 CNFs are synthesized by electrospinning a polymeric solution containing equimolar concentration of tin chloride and titanium alkoxide precursors and subsequent annealing. The composite formation is demonstrated by X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive X-ray measurements and morphology by scanning electron microscopy. Synergy in electronic and electrical properties are demonstrated by cyclic voltammetry, absorption spectroscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated using the CNFs as photoanode showed higher open circuit voltage and short circuit current density than those achieved using pure SnO2 and pure TiO2, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-532
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume263
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

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