The Blockchain Solution for the Security of Internet of Energy and Electric Vehicle Interface

Rahul Saha, Gulshan Kumar, G. Geetha, Tai Hoon Kim, Mamoun Alazab, Reji Thomas, Mritunjay Kumar Rai, Joel Rodrigues

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In this paper, an Internet of Energy (IoE) solution for providing optimal charging and control of resources in the era of electric vehicles (EVs) with energy trading and security is considered. A blockchain based security solution is presented by considering the IoE as a distributed energy system with internet of things (IoT). However, by inheriting the security concerns of IoTs, IoE also faces the security challenges and is considered here. Hierarchical key generation is used for cryptographic keys, based on lattice constructions. Along with a consensus tailored with Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (PBFT), an additional smart contract is also applied for utilization of energy transfer. The presented solution provides transparency, reliability, availability and failure recovery inheriting from the blockchain aspects. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first attempt in this direction of IoE-EV interface solutions. The experimental results, comparative analysis and security validation affirm the superiority of the proposed solution over the existing approaches.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7495-7508
    Number of pages14
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
    Issue number8
    Early online date7 Jul 2021
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


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