The effect of transition care interventions incorporating health coaching strategies for stroke survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Shuanglan Lin, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Diane Chamberlain, Peter Newman, Shiqi Xie, Jing Yu Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objective: To systematically analyse health coaching strategies in transition care and synthesise the effect of these strategies on health care outcomes for stroke survivors. Methods: A systematic search of nine databases in two languages was conducted. Meta-analysis was conducted when data were available. Results: Twenty-five randomised controlled trials met the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis revealed that health coaching strategies in transition care interventions significantly improve quality of life (QoL) (p < 0.001), activities of daily living (ADL) (p = 0.002) and reduce depression (p = 0.001) for stroke survivors at 3 months. Further subgroup analysis demonstrated that transition care interventions with a greater number of health coaching strategies are associated with a larger effect size on QoL (SMD=1.15) and ADL (SMD=1.177) at 3 months, and a medium effect size (SMD=0.674) on depression reduction. However, the effects of health coaching strategies on readmission, mortality and falls in stroke survivors remain inconclusive. Conclusions: This review provides evidence that incorporating health coaching strategies in transitional care improves health outcomes of stroke survivors. Practice implication: More trials of health coaching interventions to improve transition care with a rigorous study design are much needed to address the lack of support for stroke survivors and their caregivers in this crucial care period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Early online date31 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 May 2020

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