Objective: To systematically analyse health coaching strategies in transition care and synthesise the effect of these strategies on health care outcomes for stroke survivors. Methods: A systematic search of nine databases in two languages was conducted. Meta-analysis was conducted when data were available. Results: Twenty-five randomised controlled trials met the inclusion criteria. The meta-analysis revealed that health coaching strategies in transition care interventions significantly improve quality of life (QoL) (p < 0.001), activities of daily living (ADL) (p = 0.002) and reduce depression (p = 0.001) for stroke survivors at 3 months. Further subgroup analysis demonstrated that transition care interventions with a greater number of health coaching strategies are associated with a larger effect size on QoL (SMD=1.15) and ADL (SMD=1.177) at 3 months, and a medium effect size (SMD=0.674) on depression reduction. However, the effects of health coaching strategies on readmission, mortality and falls in stroke survivors remain inconclusive. Conclusions: This review provides evidence that incorporating health coaching strategies in transitional care improves health outcomes of stroke survivors. Practice implication: More trials of health coaching interventions to improve transition care with a rigorous study design are much needed to address the lack of support for stroke survivors and their caregivers in this crucial care period.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Patient Education and Counseling|
|Early online date||31 May 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2020|