The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years

Alice R. Rumbold, Lynne C. Giles, Melissa J. Whitrow, Emily J. Steele, Christopher E. Davies, Michael J. Davies, Vivienne M. Moore

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    3 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: Residential mobility is common in families with young children; however, its impact on the social development of children is unclear. We examined associations between the number, timing and type of house moves in childhood and child behaviour problems using data from an ongoing longitudinal study.

    Methods: Complete data on residential mobility and child behaviour was available for 403 families. Three aspects of mobility were considered: (a) number of house moves from birth to <2years, 2 to <5years and 5 to 9years; (b) lifetime number of house moves; and (c) moves associated with different housing trajectories characterized by changes in housing tenure. The primary outcomes were internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems at 9years derived from Achenbachs Child Behaviour Checklist. Linear regression analyses were used to investigate the effect of the housing variables on internalizing and externalizing behaviour problem scores with adjustment for a range of sociodemographic and household covariates.

    Results: Moving house ≥2 times before 2years of age was associated with an increased internalizing behaviour score at age 9years. This association remained after adjustment for sociodemographic and household factors. There was no association between increased residential mobility in other time periods and internalizing behaviour, or mobility in any period and externalizing behaviour. There was no effect of lifetime number of moves, or of an upwardly or downwardly mobile housing trajectory. However, a housing trajectory characterized by continuous rental occupancy was associated with an increased externalizing behaviour score.

    Conclusions: These findings may suggest that there is a sensitive period, in the first few years of life, in which exposure to increased residential mobility has a detrimental effect on mental health in later childhood.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number583
    Pages (from-to)1-11
    Number of pages11
    JournalBMC Public Health
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Population Dynamics
    Mental Health
    Child Behavior
    Child Development
    Checklist
    Longitudinal Studies
    Linear Models
    Regression Analysis
    Child Health
    Parturition
    Problem Behavior

    Cite this

    Rumbold, A. R., Giles, L. C., Whitrow, M. J., Steele, E. J., Davies, C. E., Davies, M. J., & Moore, V. M. (2012). The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 1-11. [583]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-583
    Rumbold, Alice R. ; Giles, Lynne C. ; Whitrow, Melissa J. ; Steele, Emily J. ; Davies, Christopher E. ; Davies, Michael J. ; Moore, Vivienne M. / The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years. In: BMC Public Health. 2012 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 1-11.
    @article{3fb0a36245f44759aaae2d444784ffbf,
    title = "The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years",
    abstract = "Background: Residential mobility is common in families with young children; however, its impact on the social development of children is unclear. We examined associations between the number, timing and type of house moves in childhood and child behaviour problems using data from an ongoing longitudinal study. Methods: Complete data on residential mobility and child behaviour was available for 403 families. Three aspects of mobility were considered: (a) number of house moves from birth to <2years, 2 to <5years and 5 to 9years; (b) lifetime number of house moves; and (c) moves associated with different housing trajectories characterized by changes in housing tenure. The primary outcomes were internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems at 9years derived from Achenbachs Child Behaviour Checklist. Linear regression analyses were used to investigate the effect of the housing variables on internalizing and externalizing behaviour problem scores with adjustment for a range of sociodemographic and household covariates. Results: Moving house ≥2 times before 2years of age was associated with an increased internalizing behaviour score at age 9years. This association remained after adjustment for sociodemographic and household factors. There was no association between increased residential mobility in other time periods and internalizing behaviour, or mobility in any period and externalizing behaviour. There was no effect of lifetime number of moves, or of an upwardly or downwardly mobile housing trajectory. However, a housing trajectory characterized by continuous rental occupancy was associated with an increased externalizing behaviour score. Conclusions: These findings may suggest that there is a sensitive period, in the first few years of life, in which exposure to increased residential mobility has a detrimental effect on mental health in later childhood.",
    keywords = "Child behaviour, Child development, Housing, Longitudinal studies, Residential mobility",
    author = "Rumbold, {Alice R.} and Giles, {Lynne C.} and Whitrow, {Melissa J.} and Steele, {Emily J.} and Davies, {Christopher E.} and Davies, {Michael J.} and Moore, {Vivienne M.}",
    year = "2012",
    doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-12-583",
    language = "English",
    volume = "12",
    pages = "1--11",
    journal = "BMC Public Health",
    issn = "1471-2458",
    publisher = "BioMed Central",
    number = "1",

    }

    Rumbold, AR, Giles, LC, Whitrow, MJ, Steele, EJ, Davies, CE, Davies, MJ & Moore, VM 2012, 'The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years', BMC Public Health, vol. 12, no. 1, 583, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-583

    The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years. / Rumbold, Alice R.; Giles, Lynne C.; Whitrow, Melissa J.; Steele, Emily J.; Davies, Christopher E.; Davies, Michael J.; Moore, Vivienne M.

    In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 1, 583, 2012, p. 1-11.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years

    AU - Rumbold, Alice R.

    AU - Giles, Lynne C.

    AU - Whitrow, Melissa J.

    AU - Steele, Emily J.

    AU - Davies, Christopher E.

    AU - Davies, Michael J.

    AU - Moore, Vivienne M.

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Background: Residential mobility is common in families with young children; however, its impact on the social development of children is unclear. We examined associations between the number, timing and type of house moves in childhood and child behaviour problems using data from an ongoing longitudinal study. Methods: Complete data on residential mobility and child behaviour was available for 403 families. Three aspects of mobility were considered: (a) number of house moves from birth to <2years, 2 to <5years and 5 to 9years; (b) lifetime number of house moves; and (c) moves associated with different housing trajectories characterized by changes in housing tenure. The primary outcomes were internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems at 9years derived from Achenbachs Child Behaviour Checklist. Linear regression analyses were used to investigate the effect of the housing variables on internalizing and externalizing behaviour problem scores with adjustment for a range of sociodemographic and household covariates. Results: Moving house ≥2 times before 2years of age was associated with an increased internalizing behaviour score at age 9years. This association remained after adjustment for sociodemographic and household factors. There was no association between increased residential mobility in other time periods and internalizing behaviour, or mobility in any period and externalizing behaviour. There was no effect of lifetime number of moves, or of an upwardly or downwardly mobile housing trajectory. However, a housing trajectory characterized by continuous rental occupancy was associated with an increased externalizing behaviour score. Conclusions: These findings may suggest that there is a sensitive period, in the first few years of life, in which exposure to increased residential mobility has a detrimental effect on mental health in later childhood.

    AB - Background: Residential mobility is common in families with young children; however, its impact on the social development of children is unclear. We examined associations between the number, timing and type of house moves in childhood and child behaviour problems using data from an ongoing longitudinal study. Methods: Complete data on residential mobility and child behaviour was available for 403 families. Three aspects of mobility were considered: (a) number of house moves from birth to <2years, 2 to <5years and 5 to 9years; (b) lifetime number of house moves; and (c) moves associated with different housing trajectories characterized by changes in housing tenure. The primary outcomes were internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems at 9years derived from Achenbachs Child Behaviour Checklist. Linear regression analyses were used to investigate the effect of the housing variables on internalizing and externalizing behaviour problem scores with adjustment for a range of sociodemographic and household covariates. Results: Moving house ≥2 times before 2years of age was associated with an increased internalizing behaviour score at age 9years. This association remained after adjustment for sociodemographic and household factors. There was no association between increased residential mobility in other time periods and internalizing behaviour, or mobility in any period and externalizing behaviour. There was no effect of lifetime number of moves, or of an upwardly or downwardly mobile housing trajectory. However, a housing trajectory characterized by continuous rental occupancy was associated with an increased externalizing behaviour score. Conclusions: These findings may suggest that there is a sensitive period, in the first few years of life, in which exposure to increased residential mobility has a detrimental effect on mental health in later childhood.

    KW - Child behaviour

    KW - Child development

    KW - Housing

    KW - Longitudinal studies

    KW - Residential mobility

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84864411244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-12-583

    DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-12-583

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 1

    EP - 11

    JO - BMC Public Health

    JF - BMC Public Health

    SN - 1471-2458

    IS - 1

    M1 - 583

    ER -

    Rumbold AR, Giles LC, Whitrow MJ, Steele EJ, Davies CE, Davies MJ et al. The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9years. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1-11. 583. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-583