The Influence of Trait-Negative Affect and Compassion Satisfaction on Compassion Fatigue in Australian Nurses

Mark Craigie, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson, David Hemsworth, Samar Aoun, Karen Francis, Janie Brown, Desley Hegney, Clare Rees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

For this study, we examined the nature of the unique relationships trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction had with compassion fatigue and its components of secondary traumatic stress and burnout in 273 nurses from 1 metropolitan tertiary acute hospital in Western Australia. Participants completed the Professional Quality of Life Scale (Stamm, 2010), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (Lovibond and Lovibond, 2004), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, and Jacobs, 1983). Bivariate correlation and hierarchical regression analyses were performed to examine and investigate 4 hypotheses. The results demonstrate a clear differential pattern of relationships with secondary traumatic stress and burnout for both trait-negative affect and compassion satisfaction. Trait-negative affect was clearly the more important factor in terms of its contribution to overall compassion fatigue and secondary traumatic stress. In contrast, compassion satisfactionas unique protective relationship only related to burnout, and not secondary traumatic stress. The results are therefore consistent with the view that compassion satisfaction may be an important internal resource that protects against burnout, but is not directly influential in protecting against secondary traumatic stress for nurses working in an acute-care hospital environment. With the projected nursing workforce shortages in Australia, it is apparent that a further understanding is warranted of how such personal variables may work as protective and risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-97
Number of pages10
JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

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