Methods: MEF, NP swabs and adenoid specimens were collected from 11 children in the Alice Springs region of Central Australia. Bacterial communities in these specimens were characterised using 16S rRNA gene sequencing.
Results: The microbiota in MEF samples were dominated (>50% relative abundance) by operational taxonomic units (OTUs) consistent with Alloiococcus otitidis (6/11), Haemophilus influenzae (3/11) or Streptococcus sp. (specifically, Mitis group streptococci which includes Streptococcus pneumoniae) (1/11). Anatomical site selectivity was indicated by the presence of a single conserved Haemophilus OTU in 7/11 MEF samples. In comparison, there were ten distinct Haemophilus OTUs observed across the NP and adenoid samples. Despite significant differences between the MEF and NP/adenoid microbiomes, Streptococcus sp., H. influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis OTUs were common to all sample types. Co-occurrence of classical otopathogens in paired MEF and NP/Adenoid samples is consistent with earlier culture-based studies.
Conclusion: These data highlight the need to further assess H. influenzae traits important in otitis media and to understand the role of canal flora, especially A. otitidis, in populations with a high prevalence of tympanic membrane perforation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2015|