The moderating role of Covid-19-related support on urban livelihood capitals: Evidence from suburban Accra

Seth  Asare A. Okyere, Louis  Kusi K. Frimpong, Matthew Abunyewah, Stephen  Kofi K. Diko, Md Nawrose Fatemi, Stephen  Leonard L. Mensah, Seth  Barnie B. Enning, Michihiro Kita

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In the Global South, the COVID-19 crisis has compelled varied efforts to quickly address the pandemic's impact on urban livelihoods. Families, friends as well as public, private, and civil society organizations have mobilized various resources to avert the pandemic's onslaught on the survival of the urban vulnerable. Indeed, there is a burgeoning ‘pandemic urban scholarship’ that shed insights on COVID-19 risks, local responses, and impacts on everyday urban life. Yet, it is unclear how many of these responses are affecting urban livelihoods. This paper thus investigates the impact of COVID-19 on urban livelihood capitals (financial, human, social, and physical) and analyses the moderating role of COVID-19-related support (from families, friends, government agencies, faith-based and non-governmental organizations) to address the pandemic's impact on these capitals. Drawing on a quantitative study in Adenta Municipality of the Greater Accra Region, Ghana, the study finds a negative association between COVID-19 impacts and all urban livelihood capitals. Crucially, COVID-19-related support only reduced the negative impact of the pandemic on financial capital, and not on the other forms of capital. The study suggests that building post-pandemic community resilience warrants the need to transition from the usual reactive, fragmented support to integrated, holistic, and contextually embedded long-term strategies that consider the multi-dimensionality of everyday urban life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-242
Number of pages15
JournalUrban Governance
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


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