The second industrial transformation of Australian landscapes

Brett Bryan, Wayne Meyer, Andrew Campbell, Graham Harris, Ted Lefroy, Greg Lyle, Paul Martin, Josie McLean, Kelvin Montagu, Lauren Rickards, David Summers, Richard Thackway, Sam Wells, Mike Young

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    European colonization precipitated the first industrial transformation of Australian landscapes. We review the evolution of the environmental and societal setting of Australian landscapes since this first industrial transformation, the emergence of drivers precipitating a second industrial transformation, and what it will take to adapt. In concert with climate change and growing societal expectations of environmental stewardship, we identify six emerging economies for ecosystem services - carbon, water, food, energy, amenity and mining - which will exert transformational pressure on land use and management. The requirements for transformational adaptation - to thrive within environmental limits - include: fostering new partnerships between government, science, the private sector, and local communities to support local adaptation; identifying critical environmental limits and rationalizing environmental laws; establishing innovative social processes and adaptive governance; and developing innovative, well-supported market-based and community-based incentives.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)278-287
    Number of pages10
    JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
    Issue number3-4
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013


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