The UN estimates that there are about 370 million indigenous people worldwide. Indigenous people often find their natural resources, cultures, and communities under pressure. In many instances, they are victims of systemic discrimination and human rights abuse. Indigenous people who draw their livelihood from small-scale fishing are no exception to this rule. The recognition of their terrestrial and marine tenure rights is often lacking, which has repercussions for their short and long-term wellbeing. In this chapter, we explore the political and legal foundation of indigenous small-scale fisheries, drawing from international and domestic law, and learning from situations in four countries: Norway, Australia, South Africa and Nicaragua. What institutional reforms would facilitate the self-determination and sustainable economic development of indigenous small-scale fisheries, given that they are not only a marginalized group within their countries, but also within their industry? What prospects exist for the international legislation having real influence on the livelihoods of small-scale fishers and fish workers in indigenous communities? What role can customary law play in this respect?
|Title of host publication||Transdisciplinarity for Small-Scale Fisheries Governance|
|Subtitle of host publication||Analysis and Practice|
|Editors||Ratana Chuenpagdee, Svein Jentoft|
|Place of Publication||Switzerland|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Name||MARE Publication Series 21|