The threatened Gouldian finch preferentially forages in prescribed burnt savannas

Sydney J. Collett, Ian J. Radford, Mirjam Kaestli, Tara L. Crewe, Stephen T. Garnett, Hamish A. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: The granivorous finches of Australia's tropical savannas heavily rely on a sequence of perennial and annual grass seed production to feed throughout the year. An increase in late dry season wildfires has been suggested to detrimentally affect seed production sequence and has been attributed to poor physiological condition and a reduction in fitness of granivorous finches. Early dry season prescribed burning is an asset protection management strategy often implemented to reduce the incidence of late dry season wildfire, but has also been shown to improve the abundance and nutritional quality of grass seed 

Aims: To assess whether the Gouldian finch (Chloebia gouldiae) preferentially used areas that were subject to early dry season prescribed burning over areas that were not burnt.

Methods: The creation of a landscape mosaic across the landscape with varying fire histories. Then the assessment of individual finch movement and site utilisation using VHF-radio telemetry transmitters, detected by an array of static receivers deployed across the landscape.

Key results: Finches significantly preferred to forage in areas burnt in the early season every 2-3 years. 

Conclusions: The study demonstrates that early dry season prescribed burning creates preferred foraging habitat patches for Gouldian finches within savanna fire mosaics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1277-1290
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume32
Issue number9
Early online date3 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2023

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