Therapeutic response of multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in southern Papua, Indonesia

A RATCLIFF, H SISWANTORO, Enny Kenangalem, M Wuwung, A Brockman, M Edstein, F Laihad, E Ebsworth, Nicholas Anstey, E TJITRA, Ric Price

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    To determine the level of antimalarial drug resistance in southern Papua, Indonesia, we assessed the therapeutic efficacy of chloroquine plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (CQ+SP) for Plasmodium falciparum infections as well as CQ monotherapy for P. vivax infections. Patients with P. falciparum failing therapy were re-treated with unsupervised quinine � doxycycline therapy and those with P. vivax with either unsupervised quinine � doxycycline or amodiaquine. In total, 143 patients were enrolled in the study (103 treated with CQ+SP and 40 with CQ). Early treatment failures occurred in four patients (4%) with P. falciparum and six patients (15%) with P. vivax. The failure rate by Day 28 for P. vivax was 65% (95% CI 49-81). After PCR correction for re-infections, the Day 42 recrudescence rate for P. falciparum infections was 48% (95% CI 31-65). Re-treatment with unsupervised quinine � doxycycline resulted in further recurrence of malaria in 48% (95% CI 31-65) of P. falciparum infections and 70% (95% CI 37-100) of P. vivax infections. Eleven patients with recurrent P. vivax were re-treated with amodiaquine; there were no early or late treatment failures. In southern Papua, a high prevalence of drug resistance of P. falciparum and P. vivax exists both to first- and second-line therapies. Preliminary data indicate that amodiaquine retains superior efficacy compared with CQ for CQ-resistant P. vivax. � 2006 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)351-359
    Number of pages9
    JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
    Volume101
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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