Thermodynamic Analysis of the Corrosion Behaviour of Hardfacing Alloys Containing Chromium Nitrides

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Abstract

Chromium nitrides such as CrN and Cr2N are often used for corrosion and wear resistant applications. In order to understand the thermodynamic stability of the nitrides, Pourbaix diagrams will be extremely useful. In this paper, Pourbaix diagrams are constructed for CrN and Cr2N using thermodynamical data for species at 298 K (25 °C) and at a concentration of 10−6 M for aqueous species. These diagrams are useful indicators for the stable regions in which these compounds can be used. The diagrams show that passive Cr2O3 films form on the surfaces where chromium nitride was present. It is argued that the formation of Cr2O3 films will degrade chromium nitride and make it much less useful as a wear resistant layer. However, the presence of nitrogen in solid solution is better for the stability of passive films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1895
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalMetals
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

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