Thyroid nodules in children and adolescents: Investigation and management

Jessica L. Sandy, Angela Titmuss, Shihab Hameed, Yoon Hi Cho, Gideon Sandler, Paul Benitez-Aguirre

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Downloads (Pure)


Clinically detectable thyroid nodules are less common in children than adults. However, they are associated with an increased risk of malignancy. Therefore, thorough evaluation of paediatric thyroid nodules is necessary, and an understanding of the features associated with a higher risk of malignancy is important to guide management and referral. Thyroid cancer in children differs significantly from that seen in adults in terms of genetics, presentation, response to treatment and prognosis. Children often present with more advanced disease, but the vast majority have excellent long-term prognosis. Evaluation and management of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer require a multidisciplinary team approach and involvement of specialists with experience in this field. This review summarises investigative pathways for thyroid nodules in children and outlines current management strategies for paediatric thyroid nodules and cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2163-2168
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Thyroid nodules in children and adolescents: Investigation and management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this