TimeDistributed-CNN-LSTM: A Hybrid Approach Combining CNN and LSTM to Classify Brain Tumor on 3D MRI Scans Performing Ablation Study

Sidratul Montaha, Sami Azam, A. K.M.Rakibul Haque Rafid, Md Zahid Hasan, Asif Karim, Ashraful Islam

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Abstract

Identification of brain tumors at an early stage is crucial in cancer diagnosis, as a timely diagnosis can increase the chances of survival. Considering the challenges of tumor biopsies, three dimensional (3D) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are extensively used in analyzing brain tumors using deep learning. In this study, three BraTS datasets are employed to classify brain tumor into two classes where each of the datasets contains four 3D MRI sequences for a single patient. This research is composed of two approaches. In the first part, we propose a hybrid model named TimeDistributed-CNN-LSTM (TD- CNN-LSTM) combining 3D Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) where each layer is wrapped with a TimeDistributed function. The objective is to consider all the four MRI sequences of each patient as a single input data because every sequence contains necessary information of tumor. Therefore, the model is developed with optimal configuration performing ablation study for layer architecture and hyper-parameters. In the second part, a 3D CNN model is trained respectively with each of the MRI sequences to compare the performance. Moreover, the datasets are preprocessed to ensure highest performance. Results demonstrate that the TD-CNN-LSTM network outperforms 3D CNN achieving the highest test accuracy of 98.90%. Later, to evaluate the performance consistency, the TD-CNN-LSTM model is evaluated with K-fold cross validation. The approach of putting together all the MRI sequences at a time with good generalization capability can be used in future medical research which can aid radiologists in tumor diagnostics effectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60039-60059
Number of pages21
JournalIEEE Access
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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