Topsoil delivery to Himalayan rivers

the importance of sampling time

M. Nawaz, R. J. Wasson, R. Bhushan, N. Juyal, F. Sattar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Estimates of the amount of topsoil in river sediments can help constrain sediment budgets on decadal time scales. The tracers 137Cs and 210Pb(ex) are used to determine the proportion of topsoil in river sediments in two Himalayan catchments, a relatively simple but effective method that could be used in many catchments in this complex mountain range for management purposes. Different results are reached, apparently depending upon antecedent conditions, with a large component of topsoil in river sediments likely to be the result of rainfall that erodes hillslopes by sheet and rill processes, does not mobilize or mix with other sources of sediment such as from landslides, and does not generate high river flows to transport the topsoil downstream. These results show that sampling of tracers in sedimentary archives is essential to provide time series of topsoil input to Himalayan rivers to account for high temporal variability.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4609-4616
    Number of pages8
    JournalHydrological Processes
    Volume30
    Issue number24
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2016

    Fingerprint

    topsoil
    fluvial deposit
    sampling
    river
    tracer
    catchment
    antecedent conditions
    rill
    sediment budget
    hillslope
    river flow
    landslide
    time series
    timescale
    rainfall
    sediment

    Cite this

    Nawaz, M. ; Wasson, R. J. ; Bhushan, R. ; Juyal, N. ; Sattar, F. / Topsoil delivery to Himalayan rivers : the importance of sampling time. In: Hydrological Processes. 2016 ; Vol. 30, No. 24. pp. 4609-4616.
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    abstract = "Estimates of the amount of topsoil in river sediments can help constrain sediment budgets on decadal time scales. The tracers 137Cs and 210Pb(ex) are used to determine the proportion of topsoil in river sediments in two Himalayan catchments, a relatively simple but effective method that could be used in many catchments in this complex mountain range for management purposes. Different results are reached, apparently depending upon antecedent conditions, with a large component of topsoil in river sediments likely to be the result of rainfall that erodes hillslopes by sheet and rill processes, does not mobilize or mix with other sources of sediment such as from landslides, and does not generate high river flows to transport the topsoil downstream. These results show that sampling of tracers in sedimentary archives is essential to provide time series of topsoil input to Himalayan rivers to account for high temporal variability.",
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    Topsoil delivery to Himalayan rivers : the importance of sampling time. / Nawaz, M.; Wasson, R. J.; Bhushan, R.; Juyal, N.; Sattar, F.

    In: Hydrological Processes, Vol. 30, No. 24, 29.11.2016, p. 4609-4616.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Topsoil delivery to Himalayan rivers

    T2 - the importance of sampling time

    AU - Nawaz, M.

    AU - Wasson, R. J.

    AU - Bhushan, R.

    AU - Juyal, N.

    AU - Sattar, F.

    PY - 2016/11/29

    Y1 - 2016/11/29

    N2 - Estimates of the amount of topsoil in river sediments can help constrain sediment budgets on decadal time scales. The tracers 137Cs and 210Pb(ex) are used to determine the proportion of topsoil in river sediments in two Himalayan catchments, a relatively simple but effective method that could be used in many catchments in this complex mountain range for management purposes. Different results are reached, apparently depending upon antecedent conditions, with a large component of topsoil in river sediments likely to be the result of rainfall that erodes hillslopes by sheet and rill processes, does not mobilize or mix with other sources of sediment such as from landslides, and does not generate high river flows to transport the topsoil downstream. These results show that sampling of tracers in sedimentary archives is essential to provide time series of topsoil input to Himalayan rivers to account for high temporal variability.

    AB - Estimates of the amount of topsoil in river sediments can help constrain sediment budgets on decadal time scales. The tracers 137Cs and 210Pb(ex) are used to determine the proportion of topsoil in river sediments in two Himalayan catchments, a relatively simple but effective method that could be used in many catchments in this complex mountain range for management purposes. Different results are reached, apparently depending upon antecedent conditions, with a large component of topsoil in river sediments likely to be the result of rainfall that erodes hillslopes by sheet and rill processes, does not mobilize or mix with other sources of sediment such as from landslides, and does not generate high river flows to transport the topsoil downstream. These results show that sampling of tracers in sedimentary archives is essential to provide time series of topsoil input to Himalayan rivers to account for high temporal variability.

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