The explosive growth of road vehicles especially the private cars has brought unprecedented pressure to a series of problems in urban transportation systems, such as traffic congestion and environmental pollution. Private cars trajectory data and perceiving their information provide a promising solution to these problems. However, the collection of large-scale trajectory data for private cars with high accuracy and reliability is still delicate tasks in urban environments. In this paper, we propose a low-cost and user-friendly implementation method for achieving large-scale private cars trajectory data acquisition via designing lightweight GPS module and On Board Diagnostics (OBD) reader. To ensure reliable trajectory data acquisition via GPS/OBD integration, we propose an ensemble learning based Gauss Process Regression (GPR) method so as to cope with the non-linearity, non-stationarity and incremental training problems during trajectory collection. We design a classification-type loss (CTL) function and build a regression to classification (R2C) method with Learn++ for realizing ensemble learning. The proposed approach implements incremental learning when new trajectory data arrives and is able to resolve the concept drifting problem. Experiments in real-world urban environment have demonstrated the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed method, it achieves better trajectory prediction performance than the comparative methods under various road conditions in GPS-denied areas.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems|
|Early online date||Aug 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2022|