Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood

Gretchen Geng, Leigh Disney, Jon Mason

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Paper published in ProceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Whether it is the alphabet, a song, or knowledge of touchscreen navigation, young children now routinely learn many things while playing with iPads and similar devices. Despite this child-friendly technology clearly stimulating engagement there also exist significant debates about this topic among early childhood education professionals. This paper reports on a small research project that investigates: a) whether touch screen digital devices can provide young children with practical and educational information; b) whether these children can transfer their learning through individual play with such devices; c) what factors need to be considered that could improve the learning outcomes of young children; and, d) how young children manifest their learning outcomes. Through an observational case-study that involved young (2-year old) children we observed the transfer of learning from 2D sources to 3D objects and the ability of these children in drawing 2D images from understanding 3D objects. Although a video deficit effect showed young children displaying poorer ability in transferring learning from 2D sources to 3D objects relative to their ability to do likewise from a live demonstration, these children were effective at transferring their learning from 2D sources to 3D objects. However, it was also found that to be effective requires multiple presentations, experience and assistance of language cues to scaffold their understanding. These findings suggest that parents and teachers could further examine the value of using 2D sources, such as television, videos, computers and touch screens in this way.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education:
    Subtitle of host publicationThink Global act Local - Main Conference Proceedings
    EditorsWeiqin Chen, Jie-Chi Yang, Sahana Murthy, Su Luan Wong, Sridhar Iyer
    Place of PublicationMumbai, India
    PublisherAsia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education
    Pages431-436
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)9789868473577
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
    EventInternational Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2016) - Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India
    Duration: 28 Nov 20162 Dec 2016
    Conference number: 2016 (24th)
    http://www.et.iitb.ac.in/icce2016/

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2016)
    Abbreviated titleICCE
    CountryIndia
    CityMumbai
    Period28/11/162/12/16
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Touch screens
    transference
    childhood
    learning
    Digital devices
    Television
    Scaffolds
    Navigation
    Demonstrations
    Education
    ability
    video
    song
    television
    deficit
    parents
    research project
    assistance

    Cite this

    Geng, G., Disney, L., & Mason, J. (2016). Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood. In W. Chen, J-C. Yang, S. Murthy, S. L. Wong, & S. Iyer (Eds.), ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education: : Think Global act Local - Main Conference Proceedings (pp. 431-436). Mumbai, India: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.
    Geng, Gretchen ; Disney, Leigh ; Mason, Jon. / Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood. ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education: : Think Global act Local - Main Conference Proceedings. editor / Weiqin Chen ; Jie-Chi Yang ; Sahana Murthy ; Su Luan Wong ; Sridhar Iyer. Mumbai, India : Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education, 2016. pp. 431-436
    @inproceedings{6cccbfddef1c494aa4f7b003989faabb,
    title = "Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood",
    abstract = "Whether it is the alphabet, a song, or knowledge of touchscreen navigation, young children now routinely learn many things while playing with iPads and similar devices. Despite this child-friendly technology clearly stimulating engagement there also exist significant debates about this topic among early childhood education professionals. This paper reports on a small research project that investigates: a) whether touch screen digital devices can provide young children with practical and educational information; b) whether these children can transfer their learning through individual play with such devices; c) what factors need to be considered that could improve the learning outcomes of young children; and, d) how young children manifest their learning outcomes. Through an observational case-study that involved young (2-year old) children we observed the transfer of learning from 2D sources to 3D objects and the ability of these children in drawing 2D images from understanding 3D objects. Although a video deficit effect showed young children displaying poorer ability in transferring learning from 2D sources to 3D objects relative to their ability to do likewise from a live demonstration, these children were effective at transferring their learning from 2D sources to 3D objects. However, it was also found that to be effective requires multiple presentations, experience and assistance of language cues to scaffold their understanding. These findings suggest that parents and teachers could further examine the value of using 2D sources, such as television, videos, computers and touch screens in this way.",
    keywords = "Childhood, IPad, Learning transfer, Play, Touch screen technology",
    author = "Gretchen Geng and Leigh Disney and Jon Mason",
    year = "2016",
    month = "12",
    day = "1",
    language = "English",
    pages = "431--436",
    editor = "Weiqin Chen and Jie-Chi Yang and Sahana Murthy and Wong, {Su Luan} and Sridhar Iyer",
    booktitle = "ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education:",
    publisher = "Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education",

    }

    Geng, G, Disney, L & Mason, J 2016, Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood. in W Chen, J-C Yang, S Murthy, SL Wong & S Iyer (eds), ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education: : Think Global act Local - Main Conference Proceedings. Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education, Mumbai, India, pp. 431-436, International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE 2016), Mumbai, India, 28/11/16.

    Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood. / Geng, Gretchen; Disney, Leigh; Mason, Jon.

    ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education: : Think Global act Local - Main Conference Proceedings. ed. / Weiqin Chen; Jie-Chi Yang; Sahana Murthy; Su Luan Wong; Sridhar Iyer. Mumbai, India : Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education, 2016. p. 431-436.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Paper published in ProceedingsResearchpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood

    AU - Geng, Gretchen

    AU - Disney, Leigh

    AU - Mason, Jon

    PY - 2016/12/1

    Y1 - 2016/12/1

    N2 - Whether it is the alphabet, a song, or knowledge of touchscreen navigation, young children now routinely learn many things while playing with iPads and similar devices. Despite this child-friendly technology clearly stimulating engagement there also exist significant debates about this topic among early childhood education professionals. This paper reports on a small research project that investigates: a) whether touch screen digital devices can provide young children with practical and educational information; b) whether these children can transfer their learning through individual play with such devices; c) what factors need to be considered that could improve the learning outcomes of young children; and, d) how young children manifest their learning outcomes. Through an observational case-study that involved young (2-year old) children we observed the transfer of learning from 2D sources to 3D objects and the ability of these children in drawing 2D images from understanding 3D objects. Although a video deficit effect showed young children displaying poorer ability in transferring learning from 2D sources to 3D objects relative to their ability to do likewise from a live demonstration, these children were effective at transferring their learning from 2D sources to 3D objects. However, it was also found that to be effective requires multiple presentations, experience and assistance of language cues to scaffold their understanding. These findings suggest that parents and teachers could further examine the value of using 2D sources, such as television, videos, computers and touch screens in this way.

    AB - Whether it is the alphabet, a song, or knowledge of touchscreen navigation, young children now routinely learn many things while playing with iPads and similar devices. Despite this child-friendly technology clearly stimulating engagement there also exist significant debates about this topic among early childhood education professionals. This paper reports on a small research project that investigates: a) whether touch screen digital devices can provide young children with practical and educational information; b) whether these children can transfer their learning through individual play with such devices; c) what factors need to be considered that could improve the learning outcomes of young children; and, d) how young children manifest their learning outcomes. Through an observational case-study that involved young (2-year old) children we observed the transfer of learning from 2D sources to 3D objects and the ability of these children in drawing 2D images from understanding 3D objects. Although a video deficit effect showed young children displaying poorer ability in transferring learning from 2D sources to 3D objects relative to their ability to do likewise from a live demonstration, these children were effective at transferring their learning from 2D sources to 3D objects. However, it was also found that to be effective requires multiple presentations, experience and assistance of language cues to scaffold their understanding. These findings suggest that parents and teachers could further examine the value of using 2D sources, such as television, videos, computers and touch screens in this way.

    KW - Childhood

    KW - IPad

    KW - Learning transfer

    KW - Play

    KW - Touch screen technology

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019004982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.et.iitb.ac.in/icce2016/icce2016proceedings.html

    M3 - Conference Paper published in Proceedings

    SP - 431

    EP - 436

    BT - ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education:

    A2 - Chen, Weiqin

    A2 - Yang, Jie-Chi

    A2 - Murthy, Sahana

    A2 - Wong, Su Luan

    A2 - Iyer, Sridhar

    PB - Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education

    CY - Mumbai, India

    ER -

    Geng G, Disney L, Mason J. Transference of learning from play with iPads in early childhood. In Chen W, Yang J-C, Murthy S, Wong SL, Iyer S, editors, ICCE 2016 - 24th International Conference on Computers in Education: : Think Global act Local - Main Conference Proceedings. Mumbai, India: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education. 2016. p. 431-436