Trends in reports of child maltreatment in the Northern Territory, 1999-2010

Steve Guthridge, Phillip Ryan, John Condon, L Bromfield, John Moss, J W Lynch

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Objective: To examine trends in reports of child maltreatment to the Northern Territory Department of Children and Families among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children.

    Design, setting and subjects: A historical cohort study using administrative data collections of notifications and substantiated cases of maltreatment among children aged from 0 to 17 years.

    Main outcome measures: Annual rates of notification and substantiation of different types of child maltreatment.

    Results: From 1999 to 2010, the overall annual rates of notification for maltreatment of Aboriginal children showed an average increase of 21% (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.21; 95% CI, 1.19–1.24). The greatest increases were in notifications for neglect and emotional abuse. There were parallel increases in rates of substantiated cases of maltreatment. Among non-Aboriginal children, the overall annual rates of notification also increased (IRR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.07–1.14); however, changes in annual rates of substantiated cases for all types of maltreatment were not statistically significant.

    Conclusion: There have been considerable increases in both notifications and substantiated cases of child maltreatment, most prominently among Aboriginal children. It is possible that the observed increases reflect increasing incidence of maltreatment; however, they are also consistent with a mix of increased surveillance, improved service access, changes in policy and a shift in public attitudes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)637-641
    Number of pages5
    JournalMedical Journal of Australia
    Volume197
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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    Northern Territory
    Child Abuse
    Incidence
    Cohort Studies
    Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

    Cite this

    Guthridge, Steve ; Ryan, Phillip ; Condon, John ; Bromfield, L ; Moss, John ; Lynch, J W. / Trends in reports of child maltreatment in the Northern Territory, 1999-2010. In: Medical Journal of Australia. 2012 ; Vol. 197, No. 11. pp. 637-641.
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    abstract = "Objective: To examine trends in reports of child maltreatment to the Northern Territory Department of Children and Families among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children.Design, setting and subjects: A historical cohort study using administrative data collections of notifications and substantiated cases of maltreatment among children aged from 0 to 17 years.Main outcome measures: Annual rates of notification and substantiation of different types of child maltreatment.Results: From 1999 to 2010, the overall annual rates of notification for maltreatment of Aboriginal children showed an average increase of 21{\%} (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.21; 95{\%} CI, 1.19–1.24). The greatest increases were in notifications for neglect and emotional abuse. There were parallel increases in rates of substantiated cases of maltreatment. Among non-Aboriginal children, the overall annual rates of notification also increased (IRR, 1.10; 95{\%} CI, 1.07–1.14); however, changes in annual rates of substantiated cases for all types of maltreatment were not statistically significant.Conclusion: There have been considerable increases in both notifications and substantiated cases of child maltreatment, most prominently among Aboriginal children. It is possible that the observed increases reflect increasing incidence of maltreatment; however, they are also consistent with a mix of increased surveillance, improved service access, changes in policy and a shift in public attitudes.",
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    Guthridge, S, Ryan, P, Condon, J, Bromfield, L, Moss, J & Lynch, JW 2012, 'Trends in reports of child maltreatment in the Northern Territory, 1999-2010', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 197, no. 11, pp. 637-641. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja12.10133

    Trends in reports of child maltreatment in the Northern Territory, 1999-2010. / Guthridge, Steve; Ryan, Phillip; Condon, John; Bromfield, L; Moss, John; Lynch, J W.

    In: Medical Journal of Australia, Vol. 197, No. 11, 2012, p. 637-641.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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