Ultrasmall superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles: honey-based green and facile synthesis and in vitro viability assay

Elisa Rasouli, Wan Jeffrey Basirun, Majid Rezayi, Kamyar Shameli, Esmail Nourmohammadi, Roshanak Khandanlou, Zahra Izadiyan, Hoda Khoshdel Sarkarizi

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    Abstract

    Introduction: In the present research, we report a quick and green synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) in aqueous solution using ferric and ferrous chloride, with different percentages of natural honey (0.5%, 1.0%, 3.0% and 5.0% w/v) as the precursors, stabilizer, reducing and capping agent, respectively. The effect of the stabilizer on the magnetic properties and size of Fe3O4-NPs was also studied.

    Methods: The nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.

    Results: The XRD analysis indicated the presence of pure Fe3O4-NPs while the TEM images indicated that the Fe3O4-NPs are spherical with a diameter range between 3.21 and 2.22 nm. The VSM study demonstrated that the magnetic properties were enhanced with the decrease in the percentage of honey. In vitro viability evaluation of Fe3O4-NPs performed by using the MTT assay on the WEHI164 cells demonstrated no significant toxicity in higher concentration up to 140.0 ppm, which allows them to be used in some biological applications such as drug delivery.

    Conclusion: The presented synthesis method can be used for the controlled synthesis of Fe3O4-NPs, which could be found to be important in applications in biotechnology, biosensor and biomedicine, magnetic resonance imaging and catalysis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6903-6911
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Nanomedicine
    Volume13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2018

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  • Cite this

    Rasouli, E., Basirun, W. J., Rezayi, M., Shameli, K., Nourmohammadi, E., Khandanlou, R., Izadiyan, Z., & Khoshdel Sarkarizi, H. (2018). Ultrasmall superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles: honey-based green and facile synthesis and in vitro viability assay. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 13, 6903-6911. https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S158083