Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough

Anne Chang, JJ Oppenheimer, M Weinberger, K WEIR, BK Rubin, Richard Irwin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Use of appropriate cough pathways or algorithms may reduce the morbidity of chronic cough, lead to earlier diagnosis of chronic underlying illness, and reduce unnecessary costs and medications. We undertook three systematic reviews to examine three related key questions (KQ): In children aged #14 years with chronic cough (> 4 weeks' duration), KQ1, do cough management protocols (or algorithms) improve clinical outcomes? KQ2, should the cough management or testing algorithm differ depending on the duration and/or severity? KQ3, should the cough management or testing algorithm differ depending on the associated characteristics of the cough and clinical history? 
    Methods: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol. Two authors screened searches and selected and extracted data. Only systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and cohort studies published in English were included. 
    Results: Data were presented in Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowcharts and summary tabulated. Nine studies were included in KQ1 (RCT = 1; cohort studies = 7) and eight in KQ3 (RCT = 2; cohort = 6), but none in KQ2. CONCLUSIONS: There is high-quality evidence that in children aged #14 years with chronic cough (> 4 weeks' duration), the use of cough management protocols (or algorithms) improves clinical outcomes and cough management or the testing algorithm should differ depending on the associated characteristics of the cough and clinical history. It remains uncertain whether the management or testing algorithm should depend on the duration or severity of chronic cough. Pending new data, chronic cough in children should be defined as > 4 weeks' duration and children should be systematically evaluated with treatment targeted to the underlying cause irrespective of the cough severity. 
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)106-119
    Number of pages14
    JournalChest
    Volume149
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Cough
    Randomized Controlled Trials
    Cohort Studies
    Software Design
    Meta-Analysis
    Early Diagnosis
    Chronic Disease

    Cite this

    Chang, A., Oppenheimer, JJ., Weinberger, M., WEIR, K., Rubin, BK., & Irwin, R. (2016). Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough. Chest, 149(1), 106-119. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.15-1403
    Chang, Anne ; Oppenheimer, JJ ; Weinberger, M ; WEIR, K ; Rubin, BK ; Irwin, Richard. / Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough. In: Chest. 2016 ; Vol. 149, No. 1. pp. 106-119.
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    abstract = "Background: Use of appropriate cough pathways or algorithms may reduce the morbidity of chronic cough, lead to earlier diagnosis of chronic underlying illness, and reduce unnecessary costs and medications. We undertook three systematic reviews to examine three related key questions (KQ): In children aged #14 years with chronic cough (> 4 weeks' duration), KQ1, do cough management protocols (or algorithms) improve clinical outcomes? KQ2, should the cough management or testing algorithm differ depending on the duration and/or severity? KQ3, should the cough management or testing algorithm differ depending on the associated characteristics of the cough and clinical history? Methods: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol. Two authors screened searches and selected and extracted data. Only systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and cohort studies published in English were included. Results: Data were presented in Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowcharts and summary tabulated. Nine studies were included in KQ1 (RCT = 1; cohort studies = 7) and eight in KQ3 (RCT = 2; cohort = 6), but none in KQ2. CONCLUSIONS: There is high-quality evidence that in children aged #14 years with chronic cough (> 4 weeks' duration), the use of cough management protocols (or algorithms) improves clinical outcomes and cough management or the testing algorithm should differ depending on the associated characteristics of the cough and clinical history. It remains uncertain whether the management or testing algorithm should depend on the duration or severity of chronic cough. Pending new data, chronic cough in children should be defined as > 4 weeks' duration and children should be systematically evaluated with treatment targeted to the underlying cause irrespective of the cough severity. ",
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    Chang, A, Oppenheimer, JJ, Weinberger, M, WEIR, K, Rubin, BK & Irwin, R 2016, 'Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough', Chest, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 106-119. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.15-1403

    Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough. / Chang, Anne; Oppenheimer, JJ; Weinberger, M; WEIR, K; Rubin, BK; Irwin, Richard.

    In: Chest, Vol. 149, No. 1, 2016, p. 106-119.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

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    Chang A, Oppenheimer JJ, Weinberger M, WEIR K, Rubin BK, Irwin R. Use of management pathways or algorithms in children with chronic cough. Chest. 2016;149(1):106-119. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.15-1403