Variation in body condition indices of crimson finches by sex, breeding stage, age, time of day, and year

O Milenkaya, Nicole Weinstein, Sarah Legge, Jeffrey Walters

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    Abstract

    Body condition indices are increasingly applied in conservation to assess habitat quality, identify stressed populations before they decline, determine effects of disturbances, and understand mechanisms of declines. To employ condition indices in this manner, we need first to understand their baseline variability and sources of variation. Here, we used crimson finches (Neochmia phaeton), a tropical passerine, to describe the variation in seven commonly used condition indices by sex, age, breeding stage, time of day, and year. We found that packed cell volume, haemoglobin, total plasma protein, and scaled mass were all significantly affected by an interaction between sex and breeding stage. Furcular fat varied by sex and breeding stage and also trended by year, scaled mass showed a positive trend with age and varied by time of day, and haemoglobin additionally varied by year. Pectoral muscle scores varied and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio trended only by year. Year effects might reflect a response to annual variation in environmental conditions; therefore, those indices showing year effects may be especially worthy of further investigation of their potential for conservation applications. Pectoral muscle scores and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio may be particularly useful due to the lack of influence of other variables on them. For the other indices, the large variation that can be attributed to individual covariates, such as sex and breeding stage, suggests that one should not interpret the physiological condition of an individual as measured by these indices from their absolute value. Instead, the condition of an individual should be interpreted relative to conspecifics by sex, breeding stage, and possibly age. 
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-14
    Number of pages14
    JournalConservation Physiology
    Volume1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Finches
    body condition
    Breeding
    breeding
    Pectoralis Muscles
    hemoglobin
    Hemoglobins
    Lymphocytes
    muscle
    Cell Size
    passerine
    Ecosystem
    Blood Proteins
    habitat quality
    annual variation
    fat
    Fats
    index
    environmental conditions
    plasma

    Cite this

    Milenkaya, O ; Weinstein, Nicole ; Legge, Sarah ; Walters, Jeffrey. / Variation in body condition indices of crimson finches by sex, breeding stage, age, time of day, and year. In: Conservation Physiology. 2013 ; Vol. 1. pp. 1-14.
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    abstract = "Body condition indices are increasingly applied in conservation to assess habitat quality, identify stressed populations before they decline, determine effects of disturbances, and understand mechanisms of declines. To employ condition indices in this manner, we need first to understand their baseline variability and sources of variation. Here, we used crimson finches (Neochmia phaeton), a tropical passerine, to describe the variation in seven commonly used condition indices by sex, age, breeding stage, time of day, and year. We found that packed cell volume, haemoglobin, total plasma protein, and scaled mass were all significantly affected by an interaction between sex and breeding stage. Furcular fat varied by sex and breeding stage and also trended by year, scaled mass showed a positive trend with age and varied by time of day, and haemoglobin additionally varied by year. Pectoral muscle scores varied and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio trended only by year. Year effects might reflect a response to annual variation in environmental conditions; therefore, those indices showing year effects may be especially worthy of further investigation of their potential for conservation applications. Pectoral muscle scores and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio may be particularly useful due to the lack of influence of other variables on them. For the other indices, the large variation that can be attributed to individual covariates, such as sex and breeding stage, suggests that one should not interpret the physiological condition of an individual as measured by these indices from their absolute value. Instead, the condition of an individual should be interpreted relative to conspecifics by sex, breeding stage, and possibly age. ",
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    Variation in body condition indices of crimson finches by sex, breeding stage, age, time of day, and year. / Milenkaya, O; Weinstein, Nicole; Legge, Sarah; Walters, Jeffrey.

    In: Conservation Physiology, Vol. 1, 2013, p. 1-14.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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