Wavelength switching technique for phase interrogation of Mach Zehnder interferometer-based optical sensors

Lam Anh Bui, Hao Chen, Erwin H.W. Chan

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Abstract

A method for determining the phase shift of a Mach Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is presented. It is based on switching the wavelength of continuous wave (CW) laser light illuminating the MZI and measuring the interferometer output amplitudes at DC and switching frequency. The method can measure the MZI phase shift unambiguously over the entire phase shift range of 2π. A practical proof of concept demonstration shows that the method can perform real-time measurement with high repeatability and accuracy limited by the optical frequency drift and power fluctuation of the lasers. The method does not require modifications of the sensor or accessing to the laser electronics and also uses simple detection. It is, therefore, suitable for bio and medical sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43560-43573
Number of pages14
JournalOptics Express
Volume31
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2023

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