When do People Value Rehabilitation and Restorative Justice Over the Punishment of Offenders?

Simon Moss, Eunro Lee, Alan Berman, Daile Lynn Rung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The authors explored the characteristics of individuals that affect their attitudes toward restorative justice-—in which offenders, victims, and communities meet to redress the damage the offence had caused. Across three studies, participants completed questionnaires that assessed whether they believe that people in general, or offenders in particular, can change fundamentally as well as attitudes toward restorative justice, rehabilitation, and punishment. In one study, the questionnaire also included measures of social dominance orientation, goal orientation, and future clarity. Generally, participants who believed that offenders can change fundamentally were more likely to agree to participate in restorative justice meetings and endorse rehabilitation over punishment. Yet, the belief that individuals in general can change fundamentally was not significantly associated with these attitudes toward alternative responses to crime. Social dominance orientation was inversely, and a learning orientation and future clarity were positively, associated with this belief that offenders can change. Thus, interventions that diminish inequality in income, privileges, and influence—and thus curb a social dominance orientation—may foster an openness toward restorative justice. Initiatives that continually reward people who gradually develop their expertise, and thus promote a learning orientation, should also foster this openness toward alternatives to custodial sentences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-51
Number of pages20
JournalVictims and Offenders
Volume14
Issue number1
Early online date13 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2019

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Punishment
Social Justice
Social Dominance
rehabilitation
offender
penalty
Rehabilitation
justice
Values
offense
Learning
questionnaire
Crime
Reward
privilege
learning
reward
damages
expertise
income

Cite this

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When do People Value Rehabilitation and Restorative Justice Over the Punishment of Offenders? / Moss, Simon; Lee, Eunro; Berman, Alan; Rung, Daile Lynn.

In: Victims and Offenders, Vol. 14, No. 1, 02.01.2019, p. 32-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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