When the earth doesn't stop shaking

How experiences over time influenced information needs, communication, and interpretation of aftershock information during the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence, New Zealand

J. S. Becker, S. H. Potter, S. K. McBride, A. Wein, E. E.H. Doyle, D. Paton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    The Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (CES) began with the Darfield earthquake on 4 September 2010. Continual large and small aftershocks since that time have meant communities have cycled through repeated periods of impact, response and recovery. Scientific communication about aftershocks during such a prolonged sequence has faced distinct challenges. We conducted research to better understand aftershock information needs for agencies and the public, and how people interpreted and responded to such information. We found that a wide range of information was needed from basic facts about aftershocks through to more technical information, and in different formats (e.g. maps, tables, graphs, text, analogies). Information needs also evolved throughout the sequence, and differed depending on people's roles and experiences, and the phase of impact, response and recovery communities were in. Interpretation of aftershock information was influenced by a variety of factors including how understandable and relevant the information was, whether people had prior knowledge or experience of aftershocks, whether the information was personalised or contextualised, emotions and feelings, credibility and trust, and external influences. Given that such a diversity of evolving information is required, it is imperative that geoscientists strategize how to provide such information before a significant earthquake occurs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)397-411
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
    Volume34
    Early online date12 Dec 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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    aftershock
    Earthquakes
    natural disaster
    New Zealand
    Earth (planet)
    communication
    earthquake
    interpretation
    Communication
    Recovery
    experience
    time
    need
    credibility
    community
    emotion

    Cite this

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    title = "When the earth doesn't stop shaking: How experiences over time influenced information needs, communication, and interpretation of aftershock information during the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence, New Zealand",
    abstract = "The Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (CES) began with the Darfield earthquake on 4 September 2010. Continual large and small aftershocks since that time have meant communities have cycled through repeated periods of impact, response and recovery. Scientific communication about aftershocks during such a prolonged sequence has faced distinct challenges. We conducted research to better understand aftershock information needs for agencies and the public, and how people interpreted and responded to such information. We found that a wide range of information was needed from basic facts about aftershocks through to more technical information, and in different formats (e.g. maps, tables, graphs, text, analogies). Information needs also evolved throughout the sequence, and differed depending on people's roles and experiences, and the phase of impact, response and recovery communities were in. Interpretation of aftershock information was influenced by a variety of factors including how understandable and relevant the information was, whether people had prior knowledge or experience of aftershocks, whether the information was personalised or contextualised, emotions and feelings, credibility and trust, and external influences. Given that such a diversity of evolving information is required, it is imperative that geoscientists strategize how to provide such information before a significant earthquake occurs.",
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    author = "Becker, {J. S.} and Potter, {S. H.} and McBride, {S. K.} and A. Wein and Doyle, {E. E.H.} and D. Paton",
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    When the earth doesn't stop shaking : How experiences over time influenced information needs, communication, and interpretation of aftershock information during the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence, New Zealand. / Becker, J. S.; Potter, S. H.; McBride, S. K.; Wein, A.; Doyle, E. E.H.; Paton, D.

    In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 34, 03.2019, p. 397-411.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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