Wildmeat or Bushmeat? Subsistence Hunting and Commercial Harvesting in Papua (West New Guinea), Indonesia

Margaretha Pangau-Adam, Richard Noske, Michael Muehlenberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    It is well known that wild game provides a significant proportion of the dietary protein of the indigenous people of the eastern half of New Guinea (PNG), but almost nothing is known of its importance in the western half (the Indonesian province of Papua or Irian Jaya). We quantified hunting effort, harvest rates and wild meat consumption and sale in the Jayapura region of north-east Papua through interviews with 147 hunters from 21 villages and meal surveys in 93 households. Ten species of mammals, seven species of birds and at least two species of reptiles were harvested in our study area, but the introduced wild pig and rusa deer were the major target species. Hunting in our study area has shifted from a purely subsistence activity towards a more commercial form at least partly due to the emergence of markets created by Indonesian transmigrants. Although the hunting of non-indigenous and certain native species might be sustainable, the maintenance of populations of large threatened species will require sensitive management. � 2012 The Author(s).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)611-621
    Number of pages11
    JournalHuman Ecology
    Volume40
    Issue number4
    Early online date5 May 2012
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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