Chronological changes in the archaeological material at Scotch Creek I, an open site near the Adelaide River

  • Christine Crassweller

    Student thesis: Other thesis - CDU

    Abstract

    The environment next to Scotch Creek I has changed little since the adjacent billabong was formed and the type and variety of animal species identified in the faunal material has remained constant since the site was first occupied. Changes identified in the archaeological material at Scotch Creek I may be the result of adaptations to the environmental transformation that were occurring to the west around the Adelaide River since the mid-Holocene. This thesis proposes that several different subsistence strategies and site functions have been used by the occupants over time to cope with the major environmental changes in the region. This interpretation was based on changes in the density of artefacts and faunal remains, the different type of implements being manufactured and discarded over time and damage to the archaeological material. Unlike other interpretations proposed for site function and settlement patterns in the Northern Rivers Region of the Northern Territory where people are following the resources as they become abundant, Scotch Creek I was a constant and reliable location for the occupants in an otherwise unstable environment. Changes in the organization and contents of the stone assemblage and in the faunal remains indicate that the site had different functions and was occupied with distinct changes in intensity during different periods.
    Date of Award1996
    Original languageEnglish

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