Timor-Leste is a post-conflict nation with multiple administrative regimes that each contribute different social, cultural, economic and political legacies. The country’s 2010 census indicated that there had been rapid growth of the rural population (71%) during the previous five years (Timor-Leste Household Census 2010, p. 2).Creating viable economic conditions is critical to preventing poverty and urbanisation, which can lead to social and economic problems. The Timorese Government has developed a Strategic Development Plan (SDP) with a clear vision for 2030. The SDP outlines a goal whereby the traditional rural economy will be transformed into a diversified economy, with an emphasis on exporting, by 2030 (Government of Timor-Leste 2011, p. 195).The plan also foresees the possibility of establishing a special economic zone with the long-term purpose of promoting job creation, enabling foreign exchange earnings, increasing foreign direct investment, increasing access to markets, and enabling a higher level of skills to compete in international market. The purpose of this research was to assess which factors could determine the establishment of a special economic zone in Timor-Leste by taking into account the private sector perspective.
Using qualitative research methods, this study gathered data from both primary and secondary sources. The study used questionnaires and direct interviews with government officials and private sector representatives in order to answer the research question: what are the determinant factors for the establishment of a special economic zone in Timor-Leste?
|Date of Award||Feb 2018|
|Supervisor||Ram Vemuri (Supervisor) & Abhishek Shukla (Supervisor)|