In Indonesia and other countries, populations of a number of indigenous chicken breeds that form part of global animal genetic resources (AnGR) are in decline and some are already extinct. A lack of detailed information and understanding about the risk status and values of indigenous chicken breeds hinders conservation efforts. This research makes recommendations for developing conservation strategies for indigenous chicken breeds in Indonesia in the context of three case-study breeds on the island of Java. The research was designed to provide information and understanding about (i) the risk status of the case-study breeds, (ii) their production systems, and (iii) the financial incentives for their keepers. Via a mixed-methods approach, the study used quantitative research as the primary method and qualitative research as the supporting method. Face-to-face interviews with keepers, interviews with key informants, semi-structured interviews with experts and focus-group discussions (FGDs) with keepers were conducted to gather quantitative and qualitative data. The research found that the case-study breeds are at risk of extinction; hence, it calls for conservation efforts. It also showed that semi-intensive production systems predominate and that the breeds make important socio-cultural contributions to keepers’ livelihoods. However, the research discovered challenges in maintaining the sustainable use of the breeds regarding input supplies, chicken health and breeding management. The research further identified that keepers may be motivated to commit to keeping (more) indigenous chickens by financial incentives. The findings make a significant contribution by providing information about the current risk status of indigenous chicken breeds in Java. The study emphasises the need for technical intervention in production systems to maintain sustainable use of the breeds through strengthening input supplies, veterinary services and disease control as well as providing breeding programmes. In addition, keepers’ commitment to indigenous chicken breeds may be enhanced by providing them with financial incentives.
|Date of Award||Feb 2014|
|Supervisor||Romy Greiner (Supervisor) & Adam Drucker (Supervisor)|