Some observations on the understanding and teaching of the narrative genre in Indonesia

  • Oikurema Purwati

    Student thesis: Other thesis - CDU


    This study explores and analyses perceptions of the narrative and writing abilities of final year students of IKIP Surabaya. In regard to language skills, writing is a productive language skill which requires the ability to understand the rules of the language and use them in composing a particular text-type, especially a myth. As teaching and learning English as a foreign language in Indonesia focuses on the accuracy of grammatical components, it will be useful to encourage foreign language learners to be creative and imaginative to compose a piece of written· text. The Genre-Based Approach provides the learners with models of a particular text-type and encourages risk-taking in applying the language components. 

    The results of the analysis show that the understanding of the final year students of IKIP Surabaya about the components of the narrative was not complete, although they were able to compose the local myths based on their knowledge of the stories from childhood. The correlation between the students' perception and their scores in writing the local myths is weak. The majority of errors made were interlanguage errors because of the vast differences between the L1 and the target language. Tenses and lexicon make up most of the errors. 

    In teaching language skills, especially writing, it will be helpful to explain the purpose and the importance of various text-types, to teach grammar in context and to provide good models of text-­types with their specific and detailed schematic structure. Armed with a good knowledge of methodologies and a creative and eclectic approach to teaching, this will surely be a step in the right direction. 

    Date of Award1997
    Original languageEnglish

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