AbstractIn the introductory part of this thesis the writ.er has presented some useful background observations about developing countries endeavouring to come to grips with the process of development. As a result of continuing social upheavals caused by a rivalry among elite groups, these new states have often adopted military governments. The examination of chapter one begins with a background discussion of military regimes typical of Third World Countries. Analysed are aspects of the military apparatus and its socio-political role.
The next chapter begins with the creation of the Indonesian military and its development before and after the democratic era which spanned the years 1945 to 1958. Rationalisation of the Armed Forces and civil-military relations are discussed in detail.
Chapter three outlines the positions of the military under Guided Democracy from 1957 to 1959. Important events of these periods were the return to the 1945 Constitution, regionalism, =ilitary attempted coups, and also the relationship between Sukarno, the military and the PKI in their quest for political supremacy.
Chapter four describes the military between 1959 and 1965 as it increasingly exerts its influence and ultimately seizes power. Events which have preceded the power-grap had been Confrontation with Malaysia, the Land Reforms and the Attempted Coup of 1965.
Chapter five relates to the military and its dwifungsi concepts. Post 1965 saw the birth of the New Order in Indonesia and the consolidation of its second function, namely its socio-political role.
Finally, a conclusion is presented which offers a number of possible future scenarios for Indonesia.
|Date of Award||1993|